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CSIA | Services | Safety in the workplace
SERVICES

Safety at work

  • Verification of the company’s position in terms of compliance with the regulatory requirements in force;
  • Directly taking on the role of Occupational Health and Safety Officer (RSPP) in the situations prescribed by law;
  • Hiring for role of Asbestos Officer;
  • Support for the company’s own RSPP in order to keep the company’s position concerning its obligations prescribed by the legislation up to date;
  • Advice in planning works of technical reclamation or of the working environment;
  • Planning of the actions needed to maintain the standards achieved.

The DVR (risk assessment document) is the tool with which the employer assesses risks by estimating the probability that an event which is dangerous for workers will occur and the extent of the damage arising from it.

For each risk identified, it defines the prevention and protection measures to be taken during work in order to minimise the probability of the event occurring or to contain the damage as much as possible.

The Single Document of Interference Risk Assessment (DUVRI) exists to assess the risks of interference between the activities carried out by contractors and self-employed workers and the measures adopted to eliminate them or, where this is not possible, minimise them.

    • Manual handling of loads – Lifting and deposition (NIOSH method)

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety and the relevant prevention and protection measures, deriving from operations of lifting, depositing and transportation of a load which, by its very nature or as a result of unfavourable ergonomic conditions, involve risks of biomechanical overload injuries, particularly to the spine.

    • Manual handling of loads – Pulling and pushing (Snook and Ciriello method)

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety and the relevant prevention and protection measures, deriving from operations of pulling and pushing a load which, by its very nature or as a result of unfavourable ergonomic conditions, involve risks of biomechanical overload injuries, particularly to the musculoskeletal system. Conducting diagnostic surveys for the assessment of the effort employed.

    • Manual handling of loads – Repetitive movements (CTD))

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety and the relevant prevention and protection measures, involving repetitive movements of the upper limbs. Operations that require repetitive movements of the upper limbs can be of different types:

  • high-frequency handling of lightweight objects
  • activities in which, although loads are not being shifted, the arm movements are repeated often and sometimes for very long periods of time.
    • Microclimate assessment

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety and the relevant prevention and protection measures, regarding the microclimate of the working environment in conditions close to those of wellbeing. Microclimatic conditions can constitute a health risk and affect workers’ feeling of wellbeing.

To protect the health and safety of workers, it is necessary to measure the deviation of the actual microclimatic conditions from those of wellbeing. Conducting diagnostic surveys for the assessment of microclimatic parameters.

    • Assessment of risk deriving from the use of a visual display unit (VDU)

The employer assesses the risks and relevant preventative and protective measures deriving from the use of visual display units. In particular, they assess the risks arising from its components (screen, keyboard, mouse, other peripherals), the characteristics of the software installed, the workstation (desk and chairs) and the working environment (ambient light, microclimate, working and movement spaces, acoustic environment, etc.).

    • Assessment of risk deriving from noise

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety (particularly to hearing) and the relevant prevention and protection measures deriving from exposure to noise during work activities. Conducting diagnostic surveys for the assessment of exposure to physical agents.

    • Assessment of risk deriving from vibration

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety and the relevant prevention and protection measures for workers who are or could be exposed to risks deriving from mechanical vibrations (hand-arm/whole body). Conducting diagnostic surveys for the assessment of exposure to physical agents.

    • Asessment of risk deriving from electromagnetic fields

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety and the relevant prevention and protection measures for workers who are exposed to electromagnetic fields between 0 Hz and 300 GHz. Conducting diagnostic surveys for the assessment of exposure to physical agents.

    • Assessment of risk deriving from optical radiation

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety and the relevant prevention and protection measures for workers who are exposed to artificial optical radiation during work, with a particular focus on the risks associated with adverse effects on the eyes and skin. Conducting diagnostic surveys for the assessment of exposure to physical agents.

    • Assessment of risk from exposure to chemicals

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety and the relevant prevention and protection measures for workers who are exposed to chemicals during their work. The assessment takes into account the level, means and duration of the exposure to dangerous chemicals and the circumstances in which the work is carried out according to the Method of the Region of Piedmont Al.Pi.Risch. Conducting diagnostic surveys in partnership with accredited laboratories.

    • Assessment of risk from exposure to carcinogens and mutagens

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety and the relevant prevention and protection measures for workers who are exposed to carcinogens and mutagens during their work.

The assessment takes into account the level, means and duration of the exposure to dangerous carcinogens and mutagens and the circumstances in which the work is carried out. Conducting diagnostic surveys in partnership with accredited laboratories.

    • Assessment of risk from exposure to biological agents

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety and the relevant prevention and protection measures for workers who are exposed to biological agents during their work.

The assessment takes into account the level, means and duration of the exposure to biological agents and the circumstances in which the work is carried out. Sampling in partnership with accredited laboratories.

    • Asbestos risk assessment

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety and the relevant prevention and protection measures for workers who are exposed to asbestos.

To this end, the employer has an obligation, if unable to eliminate the dangerous material, to appoint an Asbestos Officer, inform workers of the presence of the danger, carry out a check of the state of integrity of the asbestos and to nonetheless carry out biological and/or environmental monitoring to assess the presence of asbestos fibres in the air and/or in the workers’ bodies. Sampling in partnership with accredited laboratories.

 

    • ATEX (explosive atmospheres) risk assessment

Explosion risk is normally associated with a potential high-magnitude damage; explosions typically cause serious damage to structures and serious injury or even death for workers.

The minimum requirements for improving the protection of the health and safety of workers exposed to the risk of potentially explosive atmospheres are indicated by European Directive 1999/92/EC of 16 December 1999. The Directive currently in force is mentioned in Chapter XI Protection from explosive atmospheres (arts. 287-297) of Legislative Decree 81/08.

    • Objective and subjective assessment of work-related stress

The employer assesses the risks to health and safety and the relevant prevention and protection measures for workers who are exposed to work-related stress. The assessment is performed according to the INAIL model. “The methodology for risk assessment and management of work-related stress”.

    • Macchines

Assistance in drawing up the technical documentation for machinery, ensuring compliance with the essential health and safety requirements included in the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC and the harmonised technical standards which comply with the directive itself, with details of all corrective measures for the adjustment of the machine.

Fire prevention under Italian law refers to the set of activities aimed at preventing the risk of and/or avoiding the causes of fires.

Within the workplace, the employer has an obligation to draw up a risk assessment which includes the assessment and prevention of a possible fire. For specific activities, it is also necessary to acquire the Fire Prevention Certificate (CPI), which generally prescribes a design stage, followed by the implementation of the upgrading works in order to achieve the final certification. The CPI must be renewed every 5 years. It is not always easy to ascertain whether the company requires this certificate or not; it is therefore necessary to consult a technician to perform a liability assessment.

According to the provisions of Legislative Decree 81/08 (art. 18 paragraph 1 letters h) and t) and by art. 5 of Ministerial Decree 10/03/1998, the employer is required to adopt – amongst general worker protection measures – emergency measures to be implemented in the event of firefighting and evacuation measures for workers in the event of serious and imminent danger.

The procedures to be activated must therefore be correct, precise and planned in advance in order to ensure that all staff working within the company facilities, as well as guests and anybody who, even occasionally, may find themselves inside the facilities are aware of them.

To this end, the Emergency Plan is drawn up, which is an integral part of the Risk Assessment Document (DVR) and which, in conjunction with the specific floorplans which must be displayed in the workplace, contains:

  • Definitions;
  • Features of the site;
  • Identification of the individuals designated for the management of emergencies, with the designation of the relevant tasks;
  • Staff training;
  • The list of checks;
  • Maintenance works;
  • Information for guests;
  • The procedures to be implemented in the event of a fire that every person present within the premises of the hotel must follow in the event of a fire emergency and, in particular, the instructions for preventing its outbreak.

The objectives of the Emergency Plan for the purposes of health and safety in the workplace are:

  • Reducing dangers to people;
  • Providing assistance to people;
  • Isolating and containing the event to contain the damage.